This paper presents a maximum efficiency tracking control scheme for a closed-loop wireless power charging (WPC) system for wireless charging of mobile devices. Generally, wireless charging systems need a precise output voltage and current with the highest possible efficiency. In an open-loop system, output voltage and efficiency depend strongly on the coupling coefficient and load condition. Alternatively, a closed-loop WPC system has a constant output voltage against coupling and load variations. Many studies have been carried out regarding closed-loop systems. However, those previous studies have the drawback of efficiency degradation. In this paper, we propose a maximum efficiency tracking control scheme to achieve the highest possible efficiency. Therefore, the proposed WPC system satisfies both the requirements of a constant output voltage and high efficiency. The proposed control scheme determines the current of the transmitter based on the data received by the receiver via Bluetooth. For validation, the proposed WPC system was implemented at 6.78 MHz using loosely coupled series-series resonant coils, and we verified that the proposed system can track the maximum efficiency while maintaining a constant output voltage.
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics ( Volume: 32 , Issue: 1 , Jan. 2017 )